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Basic knowledge of carnivorous plant cultivation

2011-08-28 07:24 Source: China Network of carnivorous plants: Rank Name

Insectivorous plants have their unique ways of living, and they are also similar to ordinary planting managementFlowersThere is a difference, especially in terms of cultivation substrate and water source, there are special requirements, you must understand the following basic common sense when you start planting carnivorous plants.
>Poor soil
Insectivorous plants grow in poor soils and mainly rely on insect traps to absorb nutrients. The roots are very underdeveloped and the absorption capacity is weak. Most insectivorous plants like substrates with low mineral concentration and acidity. Suitable for cultivation of insectivorous plantsThe main substrates commonly used for plants are: peat, perlite, sphagnum, sand, red jade soil, etc. The commercially available culture soil contains more fertilizers and is not suitable for planting insectivorous plants. Special attention must be paid!
Commonly used matrix formula:
Peat: Perlite=2:1-suitable for most carnivorous plants, low price and wide adaptability.
Peat: Perlite=1:1 ——Suitable for pot immersion method pots are soaked in water-filled pot mats for planting or plants that prefer dry and breathable.
Peat: Perlite: Sphagnum moss = 5: 3: 2 —— It can improve the water-retaining and breathable performance of the substrate.
Peat: coarse sand=2:1-suitable for most carnivorous plants or for fixing large plants.
Pure peat-suitable for growing wet plants or used for hanging pots
Pure sphagnum moss-suitable for wet plant or seedling cultivation or cuttingReproduction, good water retention and air permeability, but the surface layer is easy to rot and needs to be replaced in time; it can also be used to cushion the basin or the basin surface to prevent soil erosion or increase the humidity of the air and substrate
Granular soil-suitable for pot immersion planting or plants that prefer dry and breathable.
>Pure water source
To provide an environment with low mineral concentration for carnivorous plants, water sources are very important. Tap water is the most widely used water source, but the quality of tap water varies from place to place. Generally speaking, the south is soft and the north is hard in the country.It is hard in the west, and the southern coastal areas except coastal cities have good water quality. It is determined that tap water with better water quality can be used directly. If you do not know the quality of tap water, try not to use it. However, due to the abundant tap water sources, convenient water intake, and low price,If necessary, you can do a test or comparison experiment first, and decide whether to use it according to the actual effect. The ideal water source: rainwater, bottled water, pure water machine water, etc.
>Wet environment
Most carnivorous plants like humid environment, you can use moisturizing and moisturizing methods to increase the substrate and air humidity.
Moisturizing: Use a more confined environment, such as in a fish tank or greenhouse, or cover it with an open transparent disposable cup or plastic bag. In a confined environment, prevent sun exposure to prevent heat from being lost and causing plants to heat upDie.
Humidification: using pot soaking method pot sitting in the water tray, the pot surface is covered with wet sphagnum moss, frequent spraying, using automatic spray or humidifier and other humid environment, the fungus is also easy to breed, shouldAvoid too dark, frequent ventilation, light can also help sterilization.
>Sufficient light
Most carnivorous plants need sufficient light, which is conducive to rapid growth and makes the plant color more vivid. However, the greenhouse effect should be paid more attention to when planting in a confined environment. To prevent excessive temperature or sunburn, you can alsoPlace the plant in a place where there is no direct sunlight but bright scattered light. Any plant needs to be shaded by the strong light at noon in summer, otherwise the leaves will be burned by the sun, and the shade-loving or heat-sensitive plants should also provide bright scattered light. Such as indoorsFor planting, if the light is poor, it needs to be artificially supplemented. Various types of electric lamps or special plant growth lamps can be used. In order to make full use of the light effect, but also to prevent the plants from drying out, the general fluorescent lamps are 10-30 cm away from the plants, other lamps20-100 cm, provide about 12 hours of light per day.
>appropriate temperature
Temperature is also a very important factor for carnivorous plants. If it exceeds its tolerable range, it will stop growing or dormant, or even die. Most carnivorous plants can grow normally within the range of 10-35 degrees.Many carnivorous plants cannot adapt to the annual temperature changes in most areas of our country. Therefore, when choosing insectivorous plants, you must understand the temperature range that they can adapt to. If the temperature of the environment you grow cannot meet her requirements, you mustConsider heating or cooling measures.
Heating: Generally, a sealed environment is required to prevent heat loss. Heating devices such as heating rods, heating pads, spotlights, heaters, etc. can be used for heating. The simplest is to use boxes and desk lamps for temporary heating.Warm. The most important thing for heating is to pay attention to safety. The heat source should not be too close to flammable materials or plants, and the heating rod should prevent dry burning.
Cooling down: a simple method can use a container do not use a glass bottle, it will freeze to fill water, after the ice in the refrigerator, put it together with plants in a large container such as fish tank, etc.. If you need to cool downWhen there are many plants, cooling equipment such as automatic spraying, refrigerating cabinet, and air conditioner can be installed.
>Supply of nutrients
Insectivorous plants are insect-eating plants. This is a unique way for this population to obtain nutrients. If there are insects in the growing environment, they can generally catch the insects on their own and obtain the nutrients they need. They can also be fed artificially.Insects or high-protein foods are one of the great pleasures of growing insectivorous plants. When feeding, be careful not to feed too much, so as not to digest, produce corruption, affect hygiene and beauty. To avoid these problems,It is recommended to use the method of fertilization to provide nutrients, generally use the method of spray irrigation, and the concentration of the fertilizer solution is about 1/5 of the ordinary plants. Use general compound fertilizers during the growing season, such as the product description, the ordinary plants are diluted a thousand times forWhen carnivorous plants should be diluted about 5,000 times, spray the whole plant or irrigate insect traps, 1-2 times a month. Fertilization is rather thin and frequent, and the concentration should not be too high, so as to avoid fatal injuries or even fat death., Do not fertilize at will if you have no experience.
Any plant has the ability to adapt to environmental changes. We only need to give her time and appropriate equipment and facilities to make them adapt to our living environment through slow changes, so that we can enjoy these wizard belts more easilyGive us happiness!
Similarly, if you have the conditions to create an environment similar to the native place for carnivorous plants, you can eliminate the waiting process of domestication, and their performance will make you more exciting!

Edit: Yuhuaren
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